Sexual health is part of the integral health of people and is related to their well-being and quality of life. Part of the care of sexual health is the prevention of health problems derived from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STDs). In recent years, the limited dissemination of information about these health problems has led some people to believe that these diseases no longer exist. The situation that is not true. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every year 333 million new cases of these diseases occur in the world.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) sometimes do not present symptoms, so it is important to recognize them in time. Well for all these there is cheap STD testing! Formerly they were called venereal diseases. In the common language, people call them in different ways, according to local customs. The STD (sexually transmitted diseases ) are infections that can affect both women and men regardless of age and sexual orientation. People who have unprotected sex or use intravenous drugs are more likely to get them. They affect both men and women and can also cause problems in newborns, through mother-to-child transmission. If the person does not receive adequate and timely treatment, STDs can cause complications and serious sequelae, including compromising various systems of the body. Why not to look for cheap std testing.
Although most of them affect both sexes, the health problems they entail may be more serious in women. In addition, a woman with an STD can pass it on to her children during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding. Diagnosing them early with the clinical analysis is vital to prevent their spread. Although some can be cured with treatments in a simple way, it is essential to get into the hands of a specialist as soon as possible, to avoid possible complications.
The main causes of STDs
Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites that can affect different parts of the body. Parasites and bacteria are the cause of the greatest number of STDs. Infections such as chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhoea are caused by these microorganisms. These venereal diseases can be treated and cured with antibiotics. Although increasingly, the emergence of strains resistant to these drugs can hinder or even prevent their treatment. Some of the viruses that cause STDs are HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), HPV (human papillomavirus), herpes simplex virus (HSV1 and HSV2) and hepatitis viruses (A, B and C). Generally, viral infections persist for life, as they are incurable. However, thanks to scientific advances, there are treatments to control and mitigate the effects of them.
What causes sexually transmitted diseases?
Some STDs such as syphilis and herpes can multiply by three the risk of contracting HIV and therefore AIDS. While it is true that the impact of HIV has declined especially in the West, the battle cannot be won. Its effects may not be noticed even in a decade and detecting it in time is really important. This is because it can be treated with retroviral, which will be more effective the earlier the diagnosis is.
As we have mentioned, STDs can be especially aggressive for women, especially if they are pregnant. Venereal diseases in pregnant women can cause abortion, neonatal death and premature birth. In addition, the baby could be born with congenital deformities and/or contract the disease. Syphilis during pregnancy is especially dangerous. This STD causes 305,000 deaths of the fetus and 215,000 cases of babies in danger of death due to congenital disease, underweight or premature birth. On the other hand, STDs caused by the HPV virus cause up to 528,000 cases of uterine cancer per year, which fortunately could be prevented with vaccines. It should be added that infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea are the main causes of inflammatory diseases in the pelvis, which could lead to fertility problems.
As in the case of AIDS, many other sexually transmitted diseases act silently, without presenting symptoms. Even so, there are a number of signs that could warn of the possibility of having contracted, such as increased vaginal discharge, abdominal pain and genital ulcers.
ETS: transmission, prevention and detection
Undoubtedly, sexual relations are the main transmission route of STDs. These infections can be spread through vaginal, anal and oral sex without protection. In addition, they can also be contracted by other practices, which are often not considered risky, such as genital contact or kissing. However, these infections are not only spread by sexual contact, since they can be transmitted by other means such as a blood transfusion. In addition, as we have said, some STDs such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, hepatitis B and HIV can be transmitted from mother to child.
Prevention is the best way to fight against sexually transmitted diseases. Although it does not eliminate 100% the risk of acquiring them, it is very important to use condoms correctly, since it greatly reduces the chances of infection. The condom is very useful to prevent the spread of venereal diseases transmitted by fluids such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia and HIV. However, it is not enough protection against infections such as herpes and syphilis, which can be spread by skin-to-skin contact.
Many times these diseases do not present evident symptoms, which facilitates the transmission due to ignorance to healthy sexual partners. In addition, it allows the infection to progress silently and therefore serious and even irreversible complications can occur and all without being aware of having an STD; check it by cheap std testing!
That is why it is very important to obtain an early diagnosis to avoid infections, stay 100% calm or submit yourself to the necessary treatments to avoid complications. Given the suspicion of having infected you, it is essential that you contact a doctor and request analytics to prove it.
Tests to detect STDs are there.
Sexually transmitted diseases STDs are defined as infections that can be transmitted during sexual relations, not only affect a large part of our population, but can also lead to complications such as male and female sterility, ectopic pregnancies , cervical cancer , premature mortality, congenital syphilis, fetal losses, low birth weight, premature births etc.